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Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries is that branch of science that deals with plants, animals, and their environment. It includes the raising, producing, maintaining, managing, conserving and, marketing of agricultural resources, forest resources, and marine resources.

Agriculture involves the study of various subjects related to plants and crops, plant genetics and breeding, soil science, poultry farming, and many other related fields of study. Forestry deals with the study and management of forests and woodlands, plantations, and other resources. Fisheries are a branch of science that deals with the study of fish, their ecosystem, food, and the diseases they struggle with.

The main objective of pursuing a degree in any of these fields is to gain knowledge of the topic and to develop a connection between theoretical and practical solutions. Graduates are also encouraged to promote sustainable utilization, management, and development of the earth's resources through the implementation of an appropriate system and framework. It also boosts the personal and professional evolution of the student by providing significant skills and opportunities to be part of one of the largest sectors in the country.

Skill sets acquired by graduates studying these subjects include:

Problem-solving Skills | Research Skills | Leadership Skills

Analytical Skills | Organizational Skills | Communication Skills

Interpersonal Skills | Computer Skills


Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries courses in India are delivered at the undergraduate (UG), postgraduate (PG), and Ph.D. levels. The discipline can be pursued under:

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc)
Bachelor of Fisheries Science (B.FSc)
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
UG Diploma/Certificate
Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc).
Master of Science (M.Sc)
Master of Fisheries Science (M.FSc)
Master of Technology (M.Tech)
Master of Business Administration (MBA)
PG Diploma/Certificate


Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries are a branch of science offering students a wide range of specializations covering all scientific, technical, and business aspects of the subject.

Some of the most common specializations among scholars include:


Agriculture Specialisation

    Food and Livestock Production
    Agricultural Economics
    Plant Pathology
    Soil Science
    Agricultural Statistics
    Seed Technology
    Plant Physiology
    Agricultural Biotechnology
    Food and Beverage Service
    Dairy Technology
    Poultry Farming
    Crop Production
    Agricultural Engineering
    Plant Breeding and Genetics
    Extension Education
    Agricultural Entomology
    Dairy Engineering

Checking Lettuce Growth

Forestry Specialisation

    Aquatic Biology and Fisheries
    Fishery Science and Aquaculture
    Limnology and Fisheries
    Coastal Aquaculture and Marine
    Industrial Fisheries
    Marine Biology and Fisheries
Fishing Net

Fisheries Specialisation

    Wood Science and Technology
    Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Technology
    Plantation Technology
    Forest Biotechnology
    Environment Management
    Watershed Management
    Forest Genetic Resources
    Forest Business Management


A degree in this field will help students land some of the highest-paying jobs in both the public and private sectors. Upon graduating, students can opt for self-employment opportunities in sectors pertaining to poultry farming, fish breeding, farming, and plantation.

A degree in agriculture can open the doors of a variety of job roles including an agricultural scientist, production manager, food microbiologist, crop specialist, plant geneticist, agriculture officer, agricultural engineer, soil engineer, silvicultural researcher, conservation planner, agricultural food scientist, and fertilizer sales representative, to name a few.

Students having a vested interest in forest studies can opt for careers such as a forester, forest range officer, forestry technician, forestry consultant, forestry scientist, agri-credit manager, and entomologist. Numerous organizations recruit graduates with a degree in forestry. These organizations include the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Atlantic Forestry Centre, Instituto Forestal, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, Northern Research Station, Scion (Crown Research Institute) and so on.

Again, for graduates in Fisheries, there are various job opportunities available as farm managers, aqua culturists, marine scientists, fish breeders/traders, feed mill managers, fish export inspectors, marine biologists, fisheries technical officers, processing and production managers, and fishery officers, to mention a few.

There are various employment options available in the public sector for students with a degree in these three specializations. A person can work as an Agriculturalist Economist, Agricultural Engineer, Food Microbiologist, and Agricultural Operations Manager, Agronomy Sales Manager.

The fee for a degree in any of these fields may vary depending on the institution and course. The cost of studying in private universities is often more expensive than public universities. Here is an estimate of the educational expenses abroad.

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