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Civil Law and Private Law are terms that are used interchangeably; Civil Law incorporates Private Law. Both Civil Law and Private Law are very extensive area of study, wherein Civil Law can be further cleaved into several categories. Civil Law focuses on the relations between individuals and organisations and the result of these relations. These laws deal with the rights of individuals concerning each other and aid in resolving private conflicts.

Civil Law studies trades in private matters of a community rather than military, criminal, or other such matters. It mostly relates to cases of accidents, wills, disputes, contracts, and properties. Civil Law along with Labour, Commercial and Corporate Law form a part of Private Law.

Civil law is one of the oldest forms of law practice that deals with personal disputes and with several other cases relating to people and their conflicts, which are resolved by civil lawyers. The common entrance examinations that students have to sit for while opting for Civil Law courses include CLAT, AILET, and LSAT, to name a few.

A civil law study has a wide range of practice potential, hence generating employment opportunities for individuals with a degree in the discipline. Private law, also for that matter deals with the relation between individuals and has varied areas of specialisation in addition to employment opportunities.


Study levels

Interested candidates can pursue Civil and Private Law degrees at different study levels. The following are the study levels that are offered under this discipline:
BA in Law and Policy
BA in Law
MA in Law
LL.B. in Civil law and Private Law
LL.M. in Civil law and private law
M Phil in Civil law and Private law


Civil and Private Law is a broad discipline that offers several specialisation fields for students to choose from based on their interests. The following are the specialisation that is offered under Civil & Private law:
Family Law
Human Rights
Labour Law
Law of Tort and Consumer Protection Act
Contract Law

Throwing Caps

Women and Law
Conflict of Laws
Obligations and Contract Laws
Partnership Laws Relating to Obligations of the Partners

Torts and Damage Related Laws
Civil Litigation and Dispute Resolution
Canon Law
International Dispute Resolution
Property Laws



Civil and Private Law graduates have a promising future in the branch of Civil Law that offers a myriad of employment opportunities. Civil lawyers and private lawyers are required to settle disputes in several conflicts that take place within a community and among individuals. They can engage in employment opportunities as legal advisors who help to resolve conflicts related to child custody cases, separation cases, private property conflicts, succession conflicts, partnership conflicts, and countless other such disputes that take place within a community.

Civil and private lawyers can engage in employment opportunities as Lectures in law colleges in addition to setting up a practice of their aiding in settling disputes that arise within a community. Civil and private law students can further engage in employment opportunities relating to judicial services, work as civil servants, and as social workers.


    Job roles for Civil and Private Law students are:
    Civil / Private Lawyer


    Social Worker
    Policy Analyst
    Journalist / Reporter
    Legal Advisor
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