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Ecology studies the relation of organisms to the environment and each other, which is considered to be a branch of Biology. It observes and takes into account the distribution of organisms in the environment. Ecologists help to provide vital information about how anthropogenic activities impact the ecosystem, helping in its restoration and sustainability. Ecology deals with different areas like protection of the environment, diversity, genetic diversity, agriculture, and climate change. It is highly interdisciplinary since it draws from many disciplines like Maths, Physiology, Geology, among others.
Ecologists study the relationship between the organisms, their distribution in the environment, and their process of interaction with the environment. The study of ecology has been cleaved into various fields including the study of marine organisms in addition to the wide-ranging terrestrial organisms. It requires conducting field surveys besides working on habitat management, contributing ideas, and rulemaking based on ecological findings. It does not only study the wildlife but it also studies the anthropogenic activities impacting the environment, hence elaborating its purview.

Ecologists seek to study the life processes of the organisms as well as their pattern of interaction in addition to their adaptation to the environment. The study of Ecology helps in the conservation of wetlands as well as the management and sustainability of the natural resources providing abundant scope for research as well as employment. Ecology also studies the human interactions in human societies making its area of employability colossal. Students of ecology with proper research and surveying aptitude are in very high stipulation that are recruited in Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, forestry departments, NGO's as well as Educational sectors, with countless other ample amounts of opportunities of employability.


Study Levels

The various study levels under this sub-discipline are as follows:
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Conservation and Restoration Science
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Forest Ecology and Management
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Ecological Restoration
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Bioinformatics
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Restoration Ecology
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Wildlife Ecology and Management
Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Biological Sciences with Ecology
Master of Science in Applied Ecology
Master of Arts (MA) in Applied Ecohydrology
Master of Science (MSc) in Landscape and urban ecology
Master of Science (MSc) in Ecology and Sustainability
Master of Science (MSc) in Ecology and Environmental sciences
Master of Science (MSc) in Biology � Ecology
Master of Science (MSc) in Landscape Ecology
Master of Arts in Art and Ecology
Master of Arts in Life sciences
Master of Science (MSc) in Urban Ecology
Master of Science (MSc) in Evolution Ecology and Systematics
Ph.D. in Ecology


Prestigious Universities offer students diverse specialisations under this sub-discipline, making its area of experience significantly elaborate and exciting.
Industrial Ecology
Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Ecology
Natural Resources Management
Wildlife and Fisheries Biology
Natural Resources Stewardship, Rangeland Ecology and Management Specialization

Throwing Caps

Ecology, Evolution, and Behaviour
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Human Ecology
International Master in Applied Ecology
Urban and Regional Planning

Biology, Ecology and Evolution Concentration
Aquatic Ecology
Conservation Biology
Systems Ecology



Graduates with a degree in Ecology have several career opportunities to choose from. The salary structure of people who have studied ecology varies with the level of work; for instance, consultancy posts provide higher salaries.


    Some organizations that employ Ecologists including:
    Department of Environment Food and Rural affairs
    Forestry department
    Wildlife reserves
    Environment Agency (EA)
    Students of ecology also find employability reach in various NGO�s and Biosphere reserves, as a sensitive and in-depth understanding of the interaction between the organisms including the human society and environment is worthy of attention. Media and PR agencies in addition to educational institutions also employ ecologists.


    Job roles include:
    Environmental Consultant
    Environmental Education Officer
    Water Quality Scientist
    Marine Scientist
    Research Scientist/Research Assistant
    Restoration Ecologist
    Natural Resource Manager
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