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Geology is a discipline that studies the solid aspect of our planet earth. These are rocks that the surface of the earth is composed. It also studies the transformation of the Earth's surface over time. It analyses the historical and physical structure of the earth as well as the chemical and physical properties of materials that are found under the surface of the Earth. These include minerals, water, and gas. The modern definition of the term Geology includes Hydrology and the Atmospheric Sciences and hence it is considered as a major part of the integrated Earth System Science and the overall Planetary Sciences.

Geology is closely related to other disciplines like Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Geography, and Biology. Students pursuing Geology as a degree identify and assess environmental problems and try to develop ways in which they can be prevented or minimized. Besides theoretical knowledge, students also gain practical experiences in the field. Since Geology seeks to study the evolutionary history of our planet and integrate several other subject areas, hence, its reach is very elaborate. This broadens its areas of specialization in addition to its scope of employability.

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Study Levels

Geology degrees are offered by colleges and universities across the globe at the undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctorate levels.
These study levels include:
Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geology
Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography
Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Earth Sciences
Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geography
Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geosciences
Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geophysics
Master of Science (MSc) in Hydrogeology
Master of Science (MSc) in Geological and Environmental Hazards
Master of Science (MSc) in Environmental Geology and Contamination
Master of Science (MSc) in Geophysical Engineering
Master of Science (MSc) in Geophysics
Master of Science (MSc) in Geological Sciences
Master of Arts (MA) in Geology
PhD

Specialisations

The following are the specialisations that are offered for students pursuing Geology:
Geomatics Engineering
Petroleum Geoscience
Civil and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Bio geology
Marine Geology
Geophysics
Geodynamics
Geoarchaeology

Throwing Caps

Mining and Geo-Environmental Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering
Mining Geology
Geoenvironmental Studies
Engineering Geology
Hydrogeology
Geospatial Technologies
Geomatics

Applied Petroleum Geoscience
Paleobiology
Petroleum Geology
Geotechnical and Hydraulic Engineering
Integrated Petroleum Geoscience
Geological Resources
Geodesy and Geoinformation
GIS and Remote Sensing
Paleontology
Geological Research

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Employability

Geology is a multidisciplinary science and combines the subject matter of Chemistry, Physics as well as Biology to study the process of earth�s evolutionary history. Hence, its scope of employability is massive, and graduates with a degree in Geology have the option to work in several government organizations as well as private organisations. There are various national as well as international organisations that offer great employment opportunities for graduates in this discipline.

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    The organisations include:
    Geological Survey of India (GSI)
    Directorate of Geology and Mining (DGM)
    NALCO
    State Mining Corporation
    Oil and Natural gas corporation Ltd. (ONGC)

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    Job roles include:
    Geologist
    Geo-Hydrologist
    Paleontologist
    Geophysicist
    Petroleum Geologist
    Marine Geologist
    Geochemist
    Geobiologist
    Engineering Geologist
    Wellsite Geologist
    Hydrographic Surveyor
    Mudlogger
    Drilling Engineer
    Mineral Surveyor
    Quarry Manager
    Sustainability Consultant
    Environmental Engineer