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Environmental and Earth Sciences

Environmental and Earth Sciences is a vast discipline that integrates various sciences and technologies to improve comprehension of environment-related issues. It involves mitigation and development of scientific knowledge, processes, and technologies to solve environmental issues like climate change, pollution, and shortages of resources-food, energy, and minerals around the world.

Environment and Earth Sciences allow students to realise, learn and create awareness about environmental problems like climate change, global warming, ozone layer depletion, and the impacts on biodiversity and marine life at state, national, (since the oxford comma is used at the beginning) and global levels. Students are also taught to understand the impact of developments on the environment. They can discover a more sustainable way of living through efficient utilisation and conservation of natural resources and biodiversity. The discipline provides students with the opportunity to gain hands-on experience by working on real-life challenges.

Environmental and Earth Sciences students will also gain a list of transferrable skills that most employers look for. These skills include data analysis, teamwork, problem-solving, communication, research, presentation, social and commercial awareness, project management, and lab and fieldwork skills.


There are a number of courses to pursue within the discipline of Environment and Earth Sciences.

Students can pursue these courses from the undergraduate and the postgraduate levels up to a doctoral degree in the discipline.

Bachelor of Science (BSc)
Bachelor of Science (Hons.)
Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
Master of Science (MSc)
Master of Science (Hons.)
Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Master of Technology (M.Tech)
PG Diploma/Certificate


Students may also choose an area of specialisation in the field that can lead to further career advancement.

Specialisations in the field of Environment and Earth Sciences that are offered by universities:


Environmental Studies Specialisations

    Disaster Preparedness and Executive Fire Leadership
    Water and Watershed
    Environmental Chemistry, Toxicology and Risk Assessment
    Environmental Policy and Conflict Management
    Wildlife and Forestry
    Environmental Science and Engineering
    Occupational Safety and Health Management
    Fire Sciences
    Environmental Education
Checking Lettuce Growth

Earth Science Specialisations

    Atmospheric Sciences
    Geographic Information Science (GIS)
Fishing Net

Earth Science Specialisations

    Remote Sensing
    Space Sciences


Graduates in Environmental Science can find work in Agricultural & Forest Departments, Research Services, Biotechnology Firms, Wildlife Photography, Animal Research Centres, National Zoological Parks, Forest Departments, Colleges/Universities, and Wildlife Journalism.

Possible job roles include:

Environmental journalist Environmental research trainee Conservation hydrologist
Environment photographer Product manager Bioresearch assistant Environmental engineer
Environmental specialist Technical test engineer Environmental technician
Forest carbon specialist Catastrophe risk modeller Soil scientist
Foresters Ecologist Epidemiologist Arborist and zoologist Environmental officer
Waste management officer Water resource specialist Climate controller
Water resource expert Researcher Environmental Science teacher.

Possible job roles for Earth Science graduates:

Oceanographer Geographer Seismologist Geologist Meteorologist
Environmental scientist Biologist Geotechnical engineer Hydrogeologist
Geophysicist Marine biologist Geomorphologist Geochemist Petrologist
Limnologist Sedimentologist and stratigrapher Climatologist Volcanologist



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