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Special Education is a teaching discipline that focuses on supporting the academic, social, and vocational development of children who have some kind of disability. These disabilities include learning disabilities like dyslexia, communication disorders, emotional and behavioural disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), physical and developmental disabilities like autism, or any other kind of disabilities. Owing to these disabilities the needs of such students cannot be met in a traditional classroom setting.

Students undertaking a degree program in Special Education are taught how to educate and develop the learning of the specially-able students that require special attention and support. The study program covers the skills and knowledge necessary to work with special needs students both inside and outside the classroom setting. Students gain an insight into the physical and mental disabilities and how it affects the development and learning of an individual. This academic program involves appropriate content, teaching methods, and delivery instructions to meet the needs of each child. A student must possess qualities such as patience, acceptance, and understanding in order to succeed in a special education job. Special Education graduates are trained for a career in teaching and supporting


Study Levels:

To be a special education teacher, one must have relevant qualifications within the field. These would include a bachelor's degree or a master's degree with a major in special education along with relevant experience.
Students can pursue a Special Education degree at various levels as mentioned below:
Bachelors of Arts in Special Education
Bachelors of Education in Special Education
Bachelors of Science in Education- Adolescent Education and Students with Disabilities
Bachelors of Science in Collaborative Teacher/Special Education
Bachelors of Special Needs Education
Bachelors of Arts (Honours) in Special Educational Needs and Disability
Bachelors of Arts in Education, Psychology and Special Educational Needs
Bachelors of Education in Inclusive Education
Masters in Special Education
Masters in Inclusive and Intercultural Education
Master of Science in Secondary Education of Students who are deaf or hard of hearing
Masters Degree in Special and Additional Learning Needs
Master of Arts in Special Educational Needs and Disability
Master Degree in Psycho pedagogy
Master of Disability and Inclusion Studies
Doctor of Philosophy in Special Education
Doctor of Philosophy in Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
Doctor of Philosophy in Teaching and Learning
Doctor of Education in Special Education


The areas of specialisation offered by Special Education courses are numerous.

Throwing Caps

Students can choose any area that they wish to specialise in, from the following specialisations:

Special Education for Early Childhood
Autistic Spectrum Disorders
Gifted and Talented Student Education
Applied Behaviour Analysis
Visual Impairment

Mild/Moderate Disabilities
Severe Disabilities
Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing
Speech/Language Impairment
Managing the Behaviour of Students with Special Needs



Though obtaining the prerequisites for special education jobs may necessitate an initial investment of time and money, a degree in Special Education is a financially rewarding career that also allows children in need to live their best lives. Special education graduates have a range of career opportunities to choose from.


    They can find employment both in the public and private sectors. The job roles include:
    Special Education Teacher
    Educational Specialist
    Employee Development Specialist
    Recreational Therapist


    Speech Pathologist
    Rehabilitation Counsellor
    Student Teacher Advisor
    Day Care Centre Owner
    Teacher of the Hearing Impaired
    Early Intervention Specialist
    Special Education Advocate
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