Aquaculture or fish farming is the controlled cultivation of aquatic animals for various purposes, especially for human consumption. It is similar to agriculture but with fish instead of plants. Fisheries are concerned with fish and shellfish and include the processes of catching, processing, and selling fish.
Water plays a vital role in the ecosystem and wastage of water is becoming a global issue. As a result, maintaining and protecting marine life has become very important and has led to many students opting for a degree in aquaculture and fisheries. A degree in this discipline helps students analyze a variety of aquatic organisms and they are also exposed to a more practical approach by which they can assess the population of fish; control, monitor, and even enhance the aquatic environment. It is a multi-disciplinary approach that also draws from other disciplines like genetics, biotechnology, farming, and fish processing to mention a few. Aquaculture and fisheries degree teaches students how to grow aquatic plants and animals for commercial purposes. It allows students to specialize in developing pharmaceutical products, food safety, and the cultivation and preservation of marine life. Programs in aquaculture and fisheries cover topics such as aquatic animal diversity, genetics of fish, aquaculture systems engineering, and shellfish aquaculture.
Students who are interested in learning about managing and understanding fisheries can choose to pursue an academic degree in Aquaculture and Fisheries. There are various undergraduate and postgraduate programs available for this discipline and since it is a Science degree it is mandatory for students to have studied science with Biology as a core subject, till the completion of class 12.
Bachelor of Science in Marine Fisheries and Animal Science
B.Sc (Hons) Aquaculture and Fishery Management Degree
Bachelor in Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences
Bachelor in Fishery and Aquaculture
Bachelor of Marine and Antarctic Science
Master of Science in Aquatic Science and Technology
Master of Science in Marine and Lacustrine Science and Management
Master’s Degree in Aquaculture
M.Sc Aquaculture: Sustainable Aquaculture
International Master of Science in Health Management in Aquaculture
M.Sc in Aquatic Health
M.Sc in Evolutionary Ecology of Fishes
M.Sc in Applied Aquaculture and Sports Fisheries
After completing their Master's degree students can go on to pursue a Ph.D. degree in Aquaculture and Fisheries as well.
Pursuing a degree in Aquaculture and Fisheries gives students the opportunity to choose a specialization from a number of options. This allows them to gain a deeper understanding of the subject.
The areas of specializations include:
Aquatic Biology and Fisheries
Coastal and Marine Aquaculture
Fishery Science and Aquaculture
Limnology and Fisheries
Marine Biology and Fisheries
Transformation of Aquatic Products
Fisheries Technology and Evaluation of Resources
Pathology in Aquaculture
Reproduction in Aquaculture
A degree in Aquaculture and Fisheries provides a variety of career opportunities for graduates within the public and private sectors, in the home country or abroad, and in academic institutions and fish farms.
Some job titles include:
- Fish Hatchery Manager
Aquaculture Development Specialist
Habitat Restoration Engineer
- Shellfish Culturist
Biological Science Technician
Fish Research Assistant