Landscape architecture is concerned with the design of an area surrounding a structure using art, environment, architecture, engineering, and sociology. It is not a gardening profession, but rather a much larger plan involving a lot of professional and highly efficient work in outdoor spaces. The evidence of landscape architecture can be easily seen on the streets, roads, housing estates, compounds, malls, squares, plazas, gardens, parks, playgrounds, cemeteries, museums, schools, universities, transport networks, waterways, and across cities and towns.
These architects spend most of their time at the office planning designs, preparing models, and meeting clients. The rest of their time is spent on job sites. The job requires extensive training and dedication to deliver the best outcomes in terms of a healthy and aesthetically pleasing environment. They also need to have the right skills for this job to satisfy the needs of the people while also respecting the environment through the implementation of appropriate projects. This type of architecture has been divided into three elements: greenscape, hardscape, and waterscape.
Greenscape involves the work and creation of rolling slopes or hills with wide spaces covered with grass, shades, and tree-lined pavements.
Hardscape involves the installation of retentive walls from limestone, natural decking, and sophisticated summerhouses, trellis, and belvederes.
Waterscape involves the balance between greenscape and hardscape as it acts as a kind of missing element to the two, in completing the entire landscape. The work involves water features such as fish ponds and aquatic plants of a few species, fountains, spas, pools, wooden bridges, clay pots, rock formations and arrangements, flowerings, arches, and more.
Landscape Architecture courses provide students with a challenging and diverse curriculum that helps prepare them for success. They instruct students how to design and construct landscapes out of plants, trees, structures, and other natural and man-made elements. The course curriculum includes horticulture, landscape design, hydrology, geology, history as well as project and site planning. Students learn how to combine art and science to create beautiful and breathtaking spaces while also developing necessary technical and business skills.
A degree in architecture is offered in the following levels:
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
Bachelor of Arts (B.A)
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)
Master of Science (M.Sc.)
Master of Arts (M.A)
Master of Architecture (M.Arch)
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Architecture
The specialisation subjects of a degree in Landscape Architecture are:
Regional Landscape Planning
Park and Recreation Planning
Land Development Planning
Ecological Planning and Design
Landscape Reclamation and Restoration
Social/behavioural aspects of Landscape Design
Landscape architects can be employed in private, public, and academic sectors. Private sectors like private corporations require plenty of engineering, architectural, and planning firms. Public sectors like federal agencies, government departments, defence academies, and public services require land planning, development, and preservation.
These architects combine art and science for designing, planning, and managing the land. They also restore historic landscapes as well as natural sites like wetlands, stream corridors, mined areas, and forestlands in order to preserve the values they represent.
- The career opportunities and jobs roles that can be considered from this degree are:
Environmental Scientists and Specialists
- Landscape Account Manager
Landscape Architecture Supervisor
Residential Landscape Architect
Sales/Business Development Manager
Surveying and Mapping Technicians
Urban and Regional Planners