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Criminology is a field of social sciences that studies crime and criminal behavior from a social perspective. It examines the reasons and social effects of crime. Criminology is a multi-disciplinary field that combines elements from disciplines like sociology, psychology, and law. The subject not only studies criminal behavior but also examines the systems in place to handle criminal offenders.

Pursuing a degree in Criminology gives students an insight into crimes and criminals and society as a whole. They also develop skills such as critical observation, attention to detail, as well as strong analytical and investigative thinking. The study modules included in a Criminology degree include criminal justice, human rights, psychology, criminal behavior, social violence, and crime analysis.

Students of Criminology gain theoretical knowledge, practical experience, and the ability to apply what they have learned to real-world situations. They are also given the opportunity to assist in the investigation of crimes and search for evidence, examine crime scenes, question witnesses and attend autopsies in order to test their skills. A number of career opportunities are available to students once they have completed a course in Criminology.


Study level:


A variety of Criminology courses are available at various levels in several colleges and universities. These study levels are:

Bachelor of Arts in Criminology
Bachelor of Arts in Criminology and Sociology
Bachelor of Science in Criminology
Bachelor Degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Bachelor of Science in Forensic Science
Master of Science in Criminology
Master of Arts in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Master Degree in Global Criminology
Master of Science in Criminological Research
Master of Science in International Crimes, Conflict and Criminology
Master Degree in Neurocriminology of Aggressive Behaviour
Master of Science in Criminology, Risk, and Safeguarding
Master in Criminalistics and Forensic Sciences
Master of Legislative Law in Criminal Law and Criminology
Master of Legislative Law in Crimes and Torts
Diploma in Criminal Law
Diploma in Criminology and Penology
Postgraduate Diploma in Forensic Science and Criminology
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Criminology
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Policing, Security and Criminal Justice


Many Universities and Colleges offer Criminology courses with a variety of specializations from which students can choose, based on their interests. These are:

Criminal Law
Global Criminology
Forensic Criminology
Forensic Psychology

Throwing Caps

Students can choose to specialize in areas like:

Police Science
Criminal Law and Jurisprudence
Criminal Investigation
Forensic Analysis

Crime and Human Development
Biopsychosocial Criminology
Neighbourhood Dynamics of Crime
Criminological Theories
Juvenile Law
Criminal Procedures



Criminology is a growing field with numerous career opportunities all over the world. After graduating with a degree in Criminology, students can work in a variety of fields such as the Forensic Department, Police, Research Centres, Hospitals, Crime Laboratories, Colleges and Institutes, and MNCs to name a few.


    Among the possible job titles include:

    Private Detective
    Crime Investigator
    Crime Scene Analyst
    Probation Officer
    Crime Laboratory Analyst
    Prison Governor


    F.B.I. Agent
    Forensic Surgeon
    Crime Intelligence Analyst
    Police Officer
    Community Corrections Coordinator
    Community Development Worker
    Law Reformer
    Regional Crime Prevention Coordinator
    Drug Policy Advisor
    Criminology Teacher
    Consumer Advocate
    Forensic Engineer
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